Backup the container and install it on another server


(Agostino) #1

Hi all.

I need to backup a container and install it on a server where it never existed.

I made a snapshot with:
lxc snapshot CONTAINER_NAME SNAPSHOT_NAME

And for test I tried to install a container from that snapshot:
lxc image import SNAPSHOT_NAME_DIR --alias foo

But I can't start foo...What I'm missing? How I can take an image of the running container and install it as another container?


(Stéphane Graber) #2

The cleanest and possibly easiest way to do so would be to add your second server as a remote with "lxc remote add". You'll then be able to just do

lxc copy CONTAINER_NAME/SNAPSHOT_NAME target:CONTAINER_NAME"

And the target LXD will download the snapshot from the source LXD and then re-created the container with the exact same settings it had on the source.

If you are tied to using tarballs, then the easiest is probably:

lxc publish CONTAINER_NAME/SNAPSHOT_NAME --alias my-export
lxc image export my-export .

This will create a new LXD image from your container and export it as a tarball in your current directory. You can then ship that tarball to your target host and do:

lxc image import TARBALL --alias my-export
lxc init my-export NEW-CONTAINER

But that's quite a bit of indirection and you'll then have to cleanup those temporary images and tarballs, ... I'd strongly recommend just having the second LXD download the container from the first one.


(Agostino) #3

Ok..let me explain better what I want to do..Suppose I have an lxd server and a NAS.

I want to backup all containers on the NAS. If the lxd server will die at some point I'd like to restore the containers...that's it.

Now while I'm trying to install the container from the created tarball I get:
$ lxc image import $TARBALL.tar.gz --alias foo
error: Image with same fingerprint already exists

Suppose I have a container, how to clone it and have it running with another name?


(Stéphane Graber) #4

The "lxc image import" failing is because you're attempting to import the generated image on the same server that produced it. You should just remove the image from the image store (with "lxc image delete") after you've exported it as a tarball. That'll solve that.

To clone a container, you'd just do "lxc copy SOURCE DESTINATION", but that's on a single local LXD. In your case, it looks like you're trying to test your backup mechanism.

Say you have a container called "blah". For backup as an image tarball, you'd do:

  • lxc snapshot blah backup
  • lxc publish blah/backup --alias blah-backup
  • lxc image export blah-backup .
  • lxc image delete blah-backup

Which will get you a tarball in your current directory.

To restore and create a container from it, you can then do:

  • lxc image import TARBALL-NAME --alias blah-backup
  • lxc launch blah-backup some-container-name
  • lxc image delete blah-backup

This is still pretty indirect and abusing the image mechanism to use it as a backup mechanism though :slight_smile: One alternative you could use is to just generate a tarball of /var/lib/lxd/containers/NAME and dump that on your NAS.

Restoring that is a bit harder though. You'll need to create a /var/lib/lxd/storage-pools/POOL-NAME/containers/NAME path matching the name of the backed up container. Then if the storage pool is zfs or btrfs or lvm, you'll need to create the applicable dataset, subvolume or lv and mount it on /var/lib/lxd/storage-pools/POOL-NAME/containers/NAME and then unpack your backup tarball onto it. Lastly, you can call "lxd import NAME" to have LXD re-import the container in the database.

I think we can do something quite a bit simpler by directly allowing the export/import of containers as tarballs but it may take a while until we get to that: https://github.com/lxc/lxd/issues/3730


(Gunnar) #5

let's say I had the target LXD server on a (local) IP address of 172.20.14.123 would that be then

lxc remote add <remote-alias> 172.20.14.123

?


Save and restore all lxd containers to local storage
(Stéphane Graber) #6

Yes, that's correct.

You'll need to make sure to set a couple of configuration keys on that remote server so that it listens on the network though:

lxc config set core.https_address 172.20.14.123
lxc config set core.trust_password SOME-PASSWORD

The password will be prompted when adding the remote.


(Andrea Montanari) #7

Hello,

I tried to publish an image to export a container to a new server as lxc copy always hangs (maybe slow network) but I always get:

Any idea?

root@hi2:~# lxc publish pol1 --alias pol1_image
error: exit status 1

INFO

root@hi2:~# lxc --version
2.0.10

root@hi2:~# lxc info|more
config:
  core.https_address: '[::]:8443'
  core.trust_password: true
  storage.zfs_pool_name: lxd
api_extensions:
- id_map
api_status: stable
api_version: "1.0"
auth: trusted
public: false
environment:
  addresses:
  - XX.XX.XX.XX:8443
   architectures:
  - x86_64
  - i686
  certificate: |
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
    MIIFSjCCAzKgAwIBAgIRAOIeoZNQwp5eqya7L/wuyU8wDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw
.
.
a6C6TexVhNikGz7omX0=
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----
  certificate_fingerprint: dd171ea983483e614f3f78418e5f4e90aa404b241c59b09da29ff422e7bf7482
  driver: lxc
  driver_version: 2.0.8
  kernel: Linux
  kernel_architecture: x86_64
  kernel_version: 4.4.0-87-generic
  server: lxd
  server_pid: 8279
  server_version: 2.0.10
  storage: zfs
  storage_version: "5"

(Stéphane Graber) #8

Anything interesting in /var/log/lxd/lxd.log?


(Andrea Montanari) #9

Dear Stephane,

unluckily nothing interesting.
However:

  1. I have deleted all the snapshot I took under my container (I always keep 3 fresh snapshots for backup purposes)
  2. I have tried again to lxc copy the container. No luck. It seems that on the remote side zfs receive doesnt get any byte after some time. On the original lxd server I have tried to strace the process and it is locket in a futex syscall. It hangs forever.
  3. I have tried to publish the image and it eventually succeded. So I blamed the snapshots for the former failure. Note that I have checked for enough space in the mouted image filesystem as I moved it to the lxd zfs pool which is plenty of space.
  4. I have second "master" server and I have tried to copy a container to another "slave" lxd server. Same result. Copy always hangs in the same way. Lxd versions and configuration are exactly the same.
  5. I will try to make more tries on a test plant and see if I can give you more details or clues.

Future development note
By the way I using containers quite heavily in production systems and I have no particular issues except backup.
When a container starts to be > 100GB (mainly data) it is impossibile to copy it over from scratch every day to a backup server. Also publishing an image is not a good way and it takes huge amount of space and system resources. Now I am using zfs incremental backups but of course to restore a container would take some work.
So it would be great to have a native system to backup containers "incrementally" to a slave server. It is mostly the reason why all my collegues would use vmware instead of LXD.
Sorry for being verbose and sorry for being note very helpful but my knowledge is not enough to contribute to development !

Thanks a lot for your help

Andrea.


#10

Not speaking as an expert user here but possibly Backuppc might be able to help you.


(Andrea Montanari) #11

I will give a look, thanks.

However how I have "complained" :slight_smile: I really hope lxd will have a native incremental backup tool on day !


(Micha Cassola) #12

It would be really nice to have a native backup option that would adress all Problems I have read about:

  • Incremental Backups for large Containers (rclone compatibility)
  • Non corrupt Databases in the Backups

Thanks a lot!


(VeFi_2018) #13

Works perfectly.
I would add to this thread and suggest everyone to use by default no compression, especially if using ZFS compression. The images are fast.
lxc publish xenial/snap0 --compression none --alias export-xenial-snap0


(Drew Stephens) #14

Acknowledging that the maintainer has said this is an abuse of the provided imaging mechanisms, I mad a simple script to backup all of my containers:

#!/usr/bin/env bash
set -ex

BACKUP_DIR=/path/to/where/backups/should/live
HOSTS=($(lxc list -c n --format csv))

for HOST in "${HOSTS[@]}"
do
    BACKUP_NAME=${HOST}-$(date +"%Y-%m-%d")

    lxc snapshot ${HOST} auto-backup
    lxc publish ${HOST}/auto-backup --alias ${BACKUP_NAME}
    lxc image export ${BACKUP_NAME} ${BACKUP_DIR}/${BACKUP_NAME}.tar.gz
    lxc image delete ${BACKUP_NAME}
    lxc delete ${HOST}/auto-backup
done

(Tomasz Stankiewicz) #15

Greetings Stéphane et al.

Your “blah” recipe worked PERFECTLY for me!
Thank you very much.

BTW, deployed latest LXD by means of snap on my desktop
Debian-9.6 4.9.0-8-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.130-2 (2018-10-27)
Still making my way through this exceptional app/tool/system.

Best regards.
Tom