LXD 3.3 has been released

release
lxd

(Stéphane Graber) #1

Introduction

The LXD team is very excited to announce the release of LXD 3.3!

This is a rather feature packed release, containing significant improvements to the proxy device, a complete rewrite of lxc-to-lxd, container deletion protection, improved debugging/profiling abilities, some improvements to network management and a number of new CLI options.

As well as the usual set of bugfixes.

New features

Rewrote and improved lxc-to-lxd

Our LXC to LXD migration tool has been rewritten in Go to match the rest of our codebase.
It now uses the LXD migration API to transfer the containers (similar to lxd-p2c) and has support for both LXC 2.x and 3.x.

Network state API

A new API at /1.0/networks/<NAME>/state was added to return information about an existing network interface, example output is:

{
    "addresses": [
        {
            "address": "10.166.11.1",
            "family": "inet",
            "netmask": "24",
            "scope": "global"
        },
        {
            "address": "2001:470:b368:4242::1",
            "family": "inet6",
            "netmask": "64",
            "scope": "global"
        },
        {
            "address": "fe80::4865:17ff:fed5:e347",
            "family": "inet6",
            "netmask": "64",
            "scope": "link"
        }
    ],
    "counters": {
        "bytes_received": 45866443,
        "bytes_sent": 3087152218,
        "packets_received": 600757,
        "packets_sent": 772253
    },
    "hwaddr": "fe:65:0e:c3:df:3d",
    "mtu": 1500,
    "state": "up",
    "type": "broadcast"
}

A new sub-command was added to the command line client to query this:

stgraber@castiana:~$ lxc network info lxdbr0
Name: lxdbr0
MAC address: fe:65:0e:c3:df:3d
MTU: 1500
State: up

Ips:
  inet	10.166.11.1
  inet6	2001:470:b368:4242::1
  inet6	fe80::4865:17ff:fed5:e347

Network usage:
  Bytes received: 45.87MB
  Bytes sent: 3.09GB
  Packets received: 600756
  Packets sent: 772248

Deletion protection for containers

A new security.protection.delete configuration key can now be set to true on containers that you want to protect from accidental deletion.

It can be used like this:

stgraber@castiana:~$ lxc config set c1 security.protection.delete true
stgraber@castiana:~$ lxc delete c1
Error: Container is protected
stgraber@castiana:~$ lxc config unset c1 security.protection.delete
stgraber@castiana:~$ lxc delete c1

New configuration options for the proxy device type

The proxy device got some significant improvements in this release.

It’s now possible to control ownership and permissions on listening unix sockets with the following new properties:

  • uid
  • gid
  • mode

As well as control privilege dropping of the proxy process itself with:

  • security.uid
  • security.gid

The proxy can also now set a Haproxy compatible PROXY header (V1) for TCP connections by setting the proxy_protocol key to true.

And lastly, it’s possible to skip the proxy process entirely in some cases and use NAT instead by setting the nat property to true. Note that for it to work, the connection must be either UDP or TCP on both ends and a static IP address must be set for the container through the ipv4.address or ipv6.address properties on its nic device.

Downloading images through the host

LXD 3.2 introduced a new devlxd API that allowed downloading of public or cached images from the LXD daemon from within the container so long as security.devlxd was enabled (default) and security.devlxd.images was set to true.

LXD 3.3 now itself supports using that new API and will attempt to fetch image artifacts from the host before hitting the network. This can result in significant bandwidth savings for users of nested LXD.

Built-in debugging and profiling server

LXD now has a built-in pprof server which can be enabled by setting the core.debug_address property using the same syntax as core.https_address.

You can then access http://<address>/debug/pprof to get some basic information out of the LXD daemon. The same URL can be used with the pprof tool to extract much more detailed information.

--format option to lxc network list

This new option matches that on a number of other sub-commands and let you choose between table, csv, json and yaml output.

Overriding device configuration during copy and move

It is now possible to override specific device configuration keys during remote copy or move operations by passing -d <device>,<key>=<value> to lxc copy or lxc move.

--dump option to lxd init

LXD supports configuration pre-seeding through lxd init --preseed, up until now, the only way to get a preseed was at the end of an interactive lxd init run or by manually writing one.

The new lxd init --dump will now generate a preseed file based on the running LXD configuration. This can make configuring a new, near-identical LXD server much easier.

bridge.hwaddr property for LXD networks

Setting the new bridge.hwaddr property on a network will let you control the MAC address of the LXD bridge. This can be useful for systems that are monitored/graphed and where the ever changing MAC address was causing some issues.

ipv4.nat.order and ipv6.nat.order properties for LXD networks

Those two new options control the order in which the NAT rules are added to the firewall.
They default to before, meaning that the generated rules will apply before any pre-existing user rules. Setting to after instead may be useful when manually added firewall rules should be run prior to LXD’s own rules.

Bugs fixed

  • client: Export OperationWait
  • client: Split LXD download code into own function
  • doc: Document hostname requirements
  • doc: Fix links in api-extension
  • doc: Fix missing escaping in api-extensions
  • doc: Fix “neighbour: ndisc_cache: neighbor table overflow”
  • doc: Fix storage volume examples
  • doc: Note that default profile cannot be deleted/renamed
  • i18n: Update translations from weblate
  • i18n: Update translation templates
  • lxc: Be clever about when to show “lxd init”
  • lxc: Switch to Ubuntu 18.04 as initial container
  • lxc/cluster: Remove bad alias
  • lxc/profile: Fix “get” command
  • lxd: Fix StoragePoolVolumesGetNames
  • lxd: Make iptables logic usable for containers
  • lxd: Move command structs around
  • lxd: Prevent renaming/deletion of the default profile
  • lxd: Properly set containerArgs in all cases
  • lxd/apparmor: Allow ro bind-mounts and remounts
  • lxd/apparmor: Fix typo in nesting profile
  • lxd/certificates: Log password failures
  • lxd/cluster: Fix attaching CEPH custom volumes
  • lxd/cluster: Only restart local containers
  • lxd/cluster: Reduce the frequency of raft snapshots
  • lxd/containers: adapt allowedUnprivilegedOnlyMap()
  • lxd/containers: Allow identity mappings for unprivileged containers
  • lxd/containers: Don’t fail while parsing NVIDIA GPU list
  • lxd/containers: Fix Nvidia minor index parsing
  • lxd/containers: Fix removing NVIDIA containers
  • lxd/containers: Handle cards among Nvidia devices
  • lxd/containers: Special case passing all GPUs
  • lxd/containers: use lxcSetConfigItem() for lxc.log.file
  • lxd/containers: Validate proxy config early
  • lxd/db: Don’t hang after bad request
  • lxd/db: Fix handling of NetworkConfigClear
  • lxd/init: Allow selecting custom Fan underlay
  • lxd/init: Fix typo in Fan question
  • lxd/migration: Fix cross version migrations
  • lxd/networks: Calculate Fan MTU based on parent
  • lxd/networks: Fix PATCH operations
  • lxd/networks: Fix port number for DHCPv6
  • lxd/networks: Fix revert on update failure
  • lxd/networks: Improve dnsmasq leases cleanup
  • lxd/networks: Improve error on missing openvswitch
  • lxd/networks: Skip DHCP mangle if firewall off
  • lxd/networks: Support stateful DHCPv6 with prefixes longer than /64
  • lxd/operations: Forward to right cluster node
  • lxd/patches: Force a one-time config re-gen
  • lxd/patches: Make config re-gen fault tollerant
  • lxd/patches: Make lvm.thinpool_name and lvm.vg_name node-specific
  • lxd/proxy: Convert mode from string to octal
  • lxd/proxy: Handle full socket buffer
  • lxd/storage: Allow deleting storage pools that only contain image volumes
  • lxd/storage/btrfs: Fix recursive snapshots
  • lxd/storage/ceph: Don’t keep snapshots mounted
  • lxd/storage/ceph: Mount the fs after growing the block
  • lxd/storage: Drop late size check
  • lxd/storage: Fix double quoting
  • lxd/storage: Fix PATCH on storage pools
  • lxd/storage: Fix volume creation API
  • lxd/storage: Keep images when deleting pool
  • lxd/storage/lvm: Fix umount logic during btrfs copy
  • lxd/storage/lvm: Round size to closest 512 bytes
  • lxd/storage: Remove image on pool deletion
  • lxd/storage/zfs: Support querying version through modinfo
  • shared: Dereference directory symlinks
  • shared: Do not print writer struct on network error
  • shared: Move parseNumberFromFile to shared
  • shared/idmap: support skipping directories
  • shared/util: Fix unit parsing (metric vs iec)
  • tests: Add alternative TCP port finder
  • tests: Add test for network put/patch
  • tests: Fix race in network test
  • tests: Fix static analysis
  • tests: Perform a lazy umount in case of errors
  • tests: Switch to MiB for btrfs resize
  • tests: Test default profile renaming/deletion

Try it for yourself

This new LXD release is already available for you to try on our demo service.

Downloads

The release tarballs can be found on our download page.


LXD Listen in host and forward to container quick-ref (Proxy device NAT)
Weekly status #58
(Stéphane Graber) #2

The LXD 3.3 snap is available in the candidate channel of the latest track.
Should no major issue be found, it will be released to all stable users on Monday.


(Stéphane Graber) #3

(ROKA Admin) #4

@stgraber Thanks for an update. So after 3.3 the proxy device will correctly setup the source ip similar to haproxy?
If this is done it will be good then I can use haproxy directly inside the container with proxy device I was doing earlier and still be able to capture the connecting client ip.


(Stéphane Graber) #5

With 3.3 you’ll have the option of having LXD set the PROXY header the same way haproxy does.
Obviously you need the server inside the container to understand it but I’m guessing haproxy itself supports both setting AND reading the header in which case you’ll be all good.

What I used for testing was running nginx inside the container with the haproxy proxy protocol enabled and a modified log pattern so that it would log the forwarded client IP rather than the TCP IP it saw, this worked perfectly.


#6

Ok, let’s test LXD 3.3 (currently, candidate, so we are contributing in the testing with all the risks that this may entail)!

Applies to those that use the snap package of LXD.
Here we go:

$ snap info lxd
name: lxd
summary: System container manager and API
publisher: canonical
contact: https://github.com/lxc/lxd/issues
license: unknown
description: |
LXD is a container manager for system containers.

It offers a REST API to remotely manage containers over the network, using
an image based workflow and with support for live migration.

Images are available for all Ubuntu releases and architectures as well as
for a wide number of other Linux distributions.

LXD containers are lightweight, secure by default and a great alternative
to virtual machines.
commands:

  • lxd.benchmark
  • lxd.buginfo
  • lxd.check-kernel
  • lxd.lxc
  • lxd
  • lxd.migrate
    services:
    lxd.daemon: simple, enabled, active
    snap-id: J60k4JY0HppjwOjW8dZdYc8obXKxujRu
    tracking: stable
    refresh-date: 14 days ago, at 17:29 EEST
    channels:
    stable: 3.2 (7792) 57MB -
    candidate: 3.3 (8011) 57MB -
    beta: ↑
    edge: git-fae3a91 (8035) 57MB -
    2.0/stable: 2.0.11 (7503) 28MB -
    2.0/candidate: 2.0.11 (8023) 28MB -
    2.0/beta: ↑
    2.0/edge: git-92a4fdc (8000) 26MB -
    3.0/stable: 3.0.1 (7650) 56MB -
    3.0/candidate: 3.0.1 (8028) 57MB -
    3.0/beta: ↑
    3.0/edge: git-93a6410 (8033) 57MB -
    installed: 3.2 (7792) 57MB -

This show that we are (well, I am) tracking the stable channel. The currently installed version is 3.2, and there is LXD 3.3 in the candidate (and beta) channel.
In order to install LXD 3.3, we need to start tracking the candidate channel. And make a mental note so that on Monday when LXD 3.3 is released in the stable channel, to switch back to tracking the stable channel.

Therefore, we first switch to the candidate channel, and then perform a snap refresh to apply the changes. This is one of the two ways to switch the channel for a snap package.

$ snap switch lxd --channel=candidate
"lxd" switched to the "candidate" channel

$ snap refresh
Download snap "lxd" (8011) from channel "candidate"           12% 9.48MB/s 9.21s
Download snap "lxd" (8011) from channel "candidate"           84% 9.74MB/s 1.55s
Download snap "lxd" (8011) from channel "candidate"           94% 9.75MB/s 613ms
Download snap "lxd" (8011) from channel "candidate"          100% 9.73MB/s 0.0ns
Remove aliases for snap "lxd"                                                  /
Copy snap "lxd" data                                                           |
Setup snap "lxd" (8011) security profiles                                      -
Remove data for snap "lxd" (7792)                                              |
lxd (candidate) 3.3 from 'canonical' refreshed

Then, run lxc list to check if all are fine. Worked fine for me!


#7

I have tested this and verified it works fine for me as well. I tested the scenario that you describe.

I then tested with LXD sending the proxy_protocol connection to HAProxy (in a container) and subsequently HAProxy forwarding it to nginx (in another container). Both HAProxy and nginx had to be configured to process the PROXY protocol (the PROXY protocol allows chaining).